Happeh

The Derivation Of The Single Cylinder View Of The Human Body Using The Torus View Of The Human Body

 Science And Kung Fu  Comments Off on The Derivation Of The Single Cylinder View Of The Human Body Using The Torus View Of The Human Body
Jan 062014
 

Another way to justify the claim that the human body can behave as a large single cylinder is to use The Torus View of the Human Body.

The following explanation is highly theoretical compared to the skeleton derivation of The Single Cylinder View of the Human Body.

The Single Cylinder view of the Human Body can also be derived from the Torus View of the Human Body.

The Torus View of the Human Body itself requires some explanation before it’s relationship to the Single Cylinder View of the Human Body can be discussed.
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According to Happeh Theory, the modern human body with arms, legs, a torso and a head retains characteristics of all of the creatures on the path of evolution.

The Theory of Evolution says that human beings started out as a single cell floating in the ocean. This single cell evolved into a fish, then evolved into an amphibian, then evolved into a reptile, a bird, a mammal and finally into the human body as it is today.

Happeh Theory says that the modern human body still has remnants or characteristics of all of those creatures inside of it somewhere. There has to be. If you take a fish, and change it into a walking mammal, the basic building blocks that were used to start the construction was a fish. The walking mammal has to build on the basic fish structure that it comes from.

This theory applies all the way back to the most basic form of a human being. The single cell floating in the ocean. At a very deep level of the body, the human body still shows the characteristics of a single cell. Or various aspects of the human body can be described in a way that is similar to how a single cell would be described.

This first thing to do is to look at a single cell.

 Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-SingleCell

A single cell is really nothing more than a hollow ball that is filled with liquid. There are bits and pieces floating in the liquid, but they do not have any influence on this discussion.

The main characteristics of a single cell is that it has a skin that contains and protects whatever is inside of it. The skin of the cell is flexible and can deform itself into many different shapes.

How is this very simple liquid filled ball going to evolve into a higher form of life like a fish or a human being? The answer to that question can be found in the common factor in all higher life forms.

All higher living creatures have a mouth to eat with and an anus to excrete wastes from. There is a tube that connects the mouth to the anus so the food can travel to the anus to be excreted. A mouth and anus are superior to the single cell because the single cell takes in food by absorbing it through the skin. This is a slow process that limits the amount of energy that is available to the cell.

Once an organism has a mouth and an anus, there can be an unlimited amount of energy available for the process of evolution. The creature can eat as much food as it can find to generate energy so that it can evolve from a fish into an amphibian for example.

Therefore, for the single cell to evolve into a higher life form, the single cell must develop a mouth, an anus, and a tube connecting the two openings.

According to Happeh Theory, this is exactly what the single cell did. It changed itself so that there was a hole in the middle of it. One end of the hole was the mouth, the other end of the hole was the anus, and the distance between the two are the throat, stomach and intestines.

( The throat, stomach and intestines can be collectively referred to as “the ailmentary canal”. )

Corroboration for the claims of Happeh Theory can be found in the real world. In the real world, a worm is a creature that is nothing but a mouth, an ailmentary canal and an anus. A real world creature exists that matches the theoretical predictions discussed above.

According to Happeh Theory, all higher life forms can be described as worms that have had other more complicated things added to it. The worm, representing the mouth, anus and ailmentary canal, is present in all living creatures. It is the parts of the creatures that are added to this basic worm like nature that differentiate the various different life forms.

Specifically, that means that a human being can be treated as a large worm to which arms, legs and a head were added.

The title of this section is “Derivation of the SCV via the Torus View of the Human Body”. There has been no mention at all of a torus up to this point. Where is the torus in this discussion?

“Torus” is a fancy name for a sphere with a hole in it. Here is a picture of a torus.

 Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-Torus

A worm can be described as a torus. A torus has an opening at one end that could match to the worms mouth, an opening at the opposite end which could match to the worms anus, and the distance between the two openings in the center of the torus would match to the ailmentary canal of the worm.

The example torus is very short which makes it difficult to think of it as representing a living creature. Here is a picture of the torus after it has been stretched out lengthwise.

 Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-LongTorus

This picture makes it easier to visualize a torus as part of a living creature. In fact, the stretched out torus has the same general appearance as the common earth worm that can be found in the dirt.

It was stated above that according to Happeh Theory, all higher life forms could be described as worms with extra parts added. Here is a comparison between the stretched out torus which looks like a worm, and a fish.

Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-FishLongTorusCompare 

The fish and the worm both have a mouth, ailimentary canal and anus. The only real difference is that a worm has the simple shape of a torus while the fish has a more complicated shape with eyes and fins.

The picture below compares the torus representing the worm and the human body.

Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-BodyVerticalLongTorus 

The human body looks nothing at all like a torus. The human body has a completely different shape, and it has arms, legs and a head attached. Nevertheless, a human being has a mouth, ailmentary canal, and an anus combination just like a worm does.

According to Happeh Theory, this justifies treating the human body as a torus.

Now that it is agreed that the human body can be represented by a torus, the derivation of the Single Cylinder View of the Human Body from the Torus View of the body can be shown.

The explanation is trivial. Here is a picture of a large torus surrounding a human body.

 Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-ManSizedTorusAngledView

The torus representing the human body can have any diameter or height like the single cylinder itself can have any diameter or height. The important part is that like the single cylinder, the torus is circular. A torus, no matter what diameter or height, will always behave like a torus.

Here is a picture of the torus representing a human being by itself.

Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-ManSizedTorusAlone 

Examination of that picture provides the reason why the human body can be modeled by a single large cylinder. Here is the picture of the Single Cylinder View of the Human Body.

Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-SingleCylinderViewAngledView 

Here is a picture of the single cylinder representing the human body by itself.

Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-SingleCylinderAngledView

And here is a picture of the single cylinder and the torus next to each other.

 Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-SingleCylinderTorusCompare

There is the reason the Torus View of the Human body can be used to derive the Single Cylinder View of the Human body.

The center of a torus is a cylinder, as highlighted by this image of the single cylinder placed within the hollow of the torus.

Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-SingleCylinderInsideOfTorus 

A torus and a single cylinder are both circular. That is the important characteristic of the Single Cylinder View of the Human Body. The the circular motions of a cylinder can be applied to or provide insight into the movement and construction of the human body.

If the Torus View of the Human Body is a valid way to describe the construction and behavior the human body, then the Single Cylinder View of the Human Body must also be a valid way to describe the construction and behavior of the human body.

Here is an overhead view of the single cylinder in the center of the torus to verify that the cylinder and the hole in the center of the torus are circular.

Single_Cylinder_Derivation_Torus-SingleCylinderInTorusOverhead

 Posted by at 2:36 am

The Derivation Of The Single Cylinder View Of The Human Body Using The Human Skeleton

 Science And Kung Fu  Comments Off on The Derivation Of The Single Cylinder View Of The Human Body Using The Human Skeleton
Jan 052014
 

According to The Single Cylinder View of the Human Body, the human body behaves as if it is a large single cylinder located as shown in the next picture.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SingleCylinderViewFrontView

The claim that the human body behaves as if it is a large cylinder is not just an imaginary theoretical construction. Although there are ways of justifying the treatment of the human body as a large cylinder that are more theoretical in nature, there is also a much more solid factual reason why the human body can be treated as a large cylinder.

According to Happeh Theory, the bones of the human skeleton form part of a cylinder that is completed by the fleshy parts of the human body. This blog entry will explain how the skeleton of the human body contributes to producing an actual cylinder within the complex shaped human body.

Here is a comparison picture between a human being and a single cylinder

 Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SingleCylinderHumanBody

Aside from some general similarities such as a similar height and width, a human being looks nothing like a single cylinder. A single cylinder is a smooth featureless circular object. A human being changes shape constantly throughout it’s height, width and depth.

If a human being and a single cylinder looks nothing at all alike, why can some of the behaviors of the human body be modeled by a single cylinder?

The answer to that question can be provided by the human skeleton. Here is a front view of a human skeleton.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SkeletonFrontView

Here is a profile view of the human skeleton.

 Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SkeletonProfileView

The rear view of the human skeleton.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SkeletonRearView

And here is a comparison picture between the human skeleton and the single cylinder.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SingleCylinderSkeletonCompare

The skeleton does not look anymore like a single cylinder than the human body did. The single cylinder is a smooth featureless circular object while the skeleton changes shape and is constructed of many different single objects.

How can the human skeleton be used to show why some of the behaviors of the human body can be modeled by a single cylinder?

This picture shows the top view of the skeleton. The arms and the head have both been removed.

Some of the bones have been changed to a white color. These are the collar bones. The collar bones naturally form an elliptical or generally circular shape.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-CollarbonesHighlightedOverheadView

In the next picture, the single cylinder has been reduced in diameter until it will fit within the ellipse formed by the collar bones to show the similarity between the natural ellipse formed by the collarbones and the single cylinder of the Single Cylinder View of the Human Body.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SingleCylinderCollarBonesOverhead

This picture shows the same overhead view including the arms. The arms have been positioned to hold a circular shape in front of the body.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-ArmsCircleOverheadView

There is a natural circle formed by the rear collar bones and the extended arms. In the next picture, the single cylinder has been enlarged and re-positioned so that it fits within the rear collar bones and the extended arms.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-ArmsCircleSingleCylinder

At this point it has been shown there is a natural circular space within the collarbones that generally match the single cylinder view of the body,

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SingleCylinderCollarBonesOverhead

and there is a natural circular space formed by the rear collar bones and the extended arms that generally matches the single cylinder view of the body.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-ArmsCircleSingleCylinder

Both of these circles are in the same plane. That means that they are both approximately at the level of the shoulders. A circle that lays on one vertical plane is only a circle. A cylinder is a circle that exists in three dimensions. There needs to be a vertical component to the circles shown in the previous pictures to complete the comparison to the Single Cylinder View of the Human Body.

Here is an overhead view of only the bones of the ribcage.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-RibcageOnlyOverheadView

The bones of the rib cage form a natural elliptical shape like the bones of the collarbone do. The next picture shows the ribcage with a cylinder located in the center.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-RibCageSingleCylinderOverhead

The comparison is beginning to take shape in the picture below. This is a 3/4 view that shows the single cylinder within the ribcage.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-RibCageSingleCylinderAngledView

The circle at the top of the red object can be seen and the red object has a vertical component. The red object is definitely a cylinder, and it fits within the space naturally created by the rib cage bones of the human body.

The human body experiences extremely strong forces during daily use. The rib cage and collar bones are a relatively small portion of the vertical height of the entire human body. It is difficult to accept that a cylinder such as the one shown above, encompassing only the rib cage and collar bones, could be responsible for the human body behaving like a single cylinder.

There is another reason that the explanation feels incomplete if the reader patiently considers what has been shown.

A human being walks on two legs. The majority of the movement of the human body during the day involves the legs. That would mean that a majority of the physical forces traveling through the human body would travel through the legs.

Yet the single cylinder in the example only encloses the rib cage and collar bones. Does it seem reasonable that the cylinder in the rib cage and collar bone area could influence the legs to behave like a single cylinder?

For this example, the answer will be no. The single cylinder in the rib cage and collarbone area is not influencing the legs.

Here is an overhead view of the lower part of the human skeleton.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-PelvicBonesOverheadView

The bones that are at the foreground are the pelvic bones. There is a circular shape within the pelvic bones that is not immediately obvious from this particular picture.

The next picture is an angled view of the lower part of the skeleton and the single cylinder.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-LowerSkeletonSingleCylinderAngledView

The cylinder is running through a natural circle within the pelvic bones. The cylinder located within this natural circle in the pelvis is almost exactly centered on the vertical center of the human body.

Here is a closeup of the hips bones with the single cylinder in the natural circular area in the pelvis.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-PelvicBonesSingleCylinderCloseUp

Using this picture it is possible to compare the curve of the single cylinder to the curves of the surrounding bone of the pelvis. This makes it easier to visualize the circular shape formed by the pelvis bones.

The next picture shows the lower skeleton, the rib change and the hip bones with the single cylinder that is centered within the circular area of the pelvis.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SkeletonLongCylinderAngledView

The viewing angle, the skeleton and the cylinder are in exactly the same location as they were in the previous picture. The single cylinder, when located within the natural circular area of the pelvic, is naturally centered within the circular rib cage and the circular collarbones.

The picture below is the same as the one above except the cylinder has been shortened so it only includes the rib cage and the pelvis.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SkeletonShortCylinderAngledView

This picture provides much of the justification for the Single Cylinder View of the human body. The only difference between the picture above and the Single Cylinder View of the human body is the size of the cylinder.

Single_Cylinder_Skeleton_Derivation-SingleCylinderSkeletonSingleCylinder

There is a cylinder on both the human body and the skeleton. That cylinder is centered on the vertical center of the human body. The diameter of the cylinders on the skeleton and the human body make no difference to the comparison. Whatever the diameter of the cylinders, they will be cylinders and will behave according to the laws of physics for cylinders.

 Posted by at 9:30 pm

The Single Cylinder View of the Human Body – Definition

 Science And Kung Fu  Comments Off on The Single Cylinder View of the Human Body – Definition
Jan 052014
 

Probably the easiest to understand and the most useful of the theoretical models of the human body created for Happeh Theory, is The Single Cylinder View of the Human Body. According to The Single Cylinder View of the Human Body, a human body can be treated as a large cylinder located as shown in the picture below.

According to The Single Cylinder View of the Human body, some of the behavior of the human body can be modeled by treating the complex human body shown here in a front view

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-HumanBodyFrontView

as if it were a single cylinder like the one shown in this front view picture.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-SingleCylinderFrontView

Here is a profile view of the human body.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-HumanBodyProfileView

And the single cylinder in the profile view.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-SingleCylinderProfileView

The single cylinder looks exactly the same in the front and the profile views because a cylinder is symmetrical. A cylinder is the same on both halves side to side and both halves front to back, so it looks the same no matter what direction the picture is taken.

This next picture is of a human being from an angled overhead view. This viewing angle reveals the three dimensional nature of the human body.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-HumanBodyOverheadAngled

And the single cylinder from the angled overhead view proving that the single cylinder is a three dimensional object.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-SingleCylinderOverheadAngled

Now that the human body and a single cylinder have been provided for visual inspection to determine their characteristics, the Single Cylinder View of the Human Body can now be demonstrated.
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The Single Cylinder View of the Human Body says that in some cases the human body behaves like a large single cylinder which is located on the human body as shown in this front view picture.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-SolidCylinderOnBodyFrontView

This picture shows that the single cylinder encases most of the body, but that is all. For a better idea of the relationship between the single cylinder and the human body, in this picture the cylinder has been made partially transparent so the human body can be seen within.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-TransparentCylinderBodyFrontView

With the cylinder transparent, it is now possible to see that the hips and the shoulders look to be the only part of the body actually touching the single cylinder. The legs, the head, the rest of the torso are not actually touching the cylinder.

Please retain that observation for later consideration.

Here is the profile view of both the human being and the semi transparent single cylinder.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-TransparentCylinderBodyProfileView

And the angled overhead view of the human being / semi transparent cylinder combination.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-TransparentCylinderBodyAngledView

The view from the rear of the human being and semi transparent cylinder.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-TransparentCylinderBodyRearView

And the view from directly overhead of the human being and semi transparent cylinder.

Single_Cylinder_View_Definition-TranparentCylinderBodyOverheadView

The pictures above should allow the reader to view any aspect of the releationship between the single cylinder and the human body.
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The single cylinder shown in the pictures above does not have to be that exact diameter where only the shoulders and hips touch the cylinder.

An infinite number of single cylinders of different diameters could be superimposed on the body for demonstration purposes as long as the vertical center of the cylinders is located on the vertical center of the human body.

Because a cylinder is a cylinder, the diameter of the single cylinder does not matter in demonstrating the behavior of the human body. A cylinder will rotate about it’s center regardless of it’s diameter.

The usage of a single cylinder of a diameter that makes it intersect the shoulders and hips of the human body, like the single cylinder in the example pictures, is useful for showing the derivation or justification for the Single Cylinder View of the Human body.

Please keep in mind that as long as the vertical center of the cylinder is aligned on the vertical center of the human body, it is legitimate to use any size cylinder to describe the relevant behaviors of the human body.

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The Single Cylinder View of the Human Body can be used to describe a large majority of the movements of almost any Kung Fu system.

The reason why The Single Cylinder View of the Human Body is so useful is partly because the human body really does behave like a cylinder. Some of the theoretical models of the human body created for Happeh Theory have only a very loose relationship to how the human body behaves. Those theoretical models are more focused on providing something familiar to the individual who is trying to learn about how the human body is constructed and behaves.

In the case of The Single Cylinder View of the Human Body though, the human body is constructed in such a way that it really does behave like a large single cylinder.

The reason that behaving like a single cylinder is so intertwined with the real human body, is that the main movement a cylinder is capable of is rotation. Almost every Kung Fu style ever developed makes use of the rotational ability of the human body. That means that a simple single cylinder can be used to demonstrate a large majority of the movements of most any kung fu style.

 Posted by at 9:10 pm

Knowledge of Science Can Be Useful To A Kung Fu Man – Part 05

 Science And Kung Fu  Comments Off on Knowledge of Science Can Be Useful To A Kung Fu Man – Part 05
Jan 052014
 
This article is part 05 in the series titled “Knowledge of Science can be useful to a kung fu man.”

This article will demonstrate how knowledge of science can be useful to a kung fu man, by using science to discuss a weakness of the Wing Chun system. This particular weakness of the Wing Chun system, is largely responsible for the opinion held by some people, that Wing Chun is not an effective fighting style.

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One of the techniques of the Wing Chun system is called a “Tan Sau”. The picture below shows a computer model holding it’s arm in a Tan Sau.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-ComputerModelTanSau


A Tan Sau is formed by extending the hand out palm upwards. When the hand sticks out palm upwards, a triangle is formed by the hand, the elbow, and the shoulder, as shown in the next picture.
Knowledge_Of_Science_05-TanSauTriangle 

A Tan Sau does not have to be exactly like the example picture. The hand can move any distance out from the body, as long as the arm retains the form of a proper Tan Sau as demonstrated in the next picture.
 
Knowledge_Of_Science_05-DifferentTanSauPositions

The Tan Sau is a blocking technique. According to this author, the Tan Sau is designed to be used against what might be called a straight arm attack. A straight arm attack would be an attack in which the attackers arm was extended straight out, as shown in the next picture.
Knowledge_Of_Science_05-LeftArmStraightFrontView

When a person attacks with a straight arm attack, the straight arm will usually be swung like a baseball bat. The next picture shows an overhead view of the model in the pose above, and another model playing the part of the opponent.
 
Knowledge_Of_Science_05-StraightArmOpponentOverhead

Then a picture of the straight arm after it has swung thru an arc to strike the opponent.
Knowledge_Of_Science_05-StraightArmStrikeContactsFace 

The second article of this series talked about the forces defined by the science of physics. The second article stated these forces were invisible, and that a living human body creates and uses these invisible forces as part of the process of living. It was stated that according to science, the human body or parts of the human body could be replaced by the invisible forces acting on the human body.

Since human beings need some way to communicate about invisible forces, the science of physics decided that invisible forces would be represented by an arrow called a “vector”. The two important characteristics of a vector are the magnitude or size of
the vector, and the direction of the vector.

The next picture shows the straight arm in the ready to attack position.Vector arrows are placed behind it to represent the invisible forces acting on the straight arm.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-StraightArmPreStrikeVectors

The vector arrows form a 90 degree angle with the straight arm. An object that is at a 90 degree angle to another object is called perpendicular, so the vector arrows can be described as being perpendicular to the straight arm.

What would happen to the invisible forces acting on the attacking straight arm as the straight arm attacks? According to this author, the forces acting on a straight arm can be treated as if they remain perpendicular to the arm, as demonstrated in the next few pictures.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-StraightArmStrikeStepOneVectors

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-StraightArmStrikeStepTwoVectors
 
Knowledge_Of_Science_05-StraightArmStrikeContactFaceVectors

The vector arrows remain perpendicular to the attacking arm throughout it’s arc of motion.

It was previously stated that the Tan Sau was a defensive movement that was designed to counter a straight arm attack. A Tan Sau would of course share many characteristics of the straight arm attack, since a Tan Sau is also formed by the human body.

The Tan Sau could be replaced by the invisible forces defined by the science of physics, just like the straight arm attack could be replaced by the invisible forces defined by the science of physics. The invisible forces acting on a Tan Sau could
also be represented with vector arrows, like the invisible forces acting on the straight arm attack were represented by vector arrows.

According to this author, the forces in a Tan Sau extend straight out from the end of the Tan Sau as shown in the next picture.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-TanSauVectorsProfileView


The invisible forces defined by the science of physics can be manipulated by the laws of addition, subtraction, etc. To cancel out one of the invisible forces defined by the science of physics, a force of equal magnitude but exactly opposite direction would be required.

For example. If the attacking straight arm discussed previously were to attack with 20 pounds of force, in order to stop the attack, the Wing Chun Tan Sau would need to exert exactly 20 pounds of force, from the exactly opposite direction as the incoming attacking force, in order to completely cancel out or block the attacker’s incoming 20 pounds of force.

The next picture shows the straight arm attack and an opponent performing a Tan Sau defense. Vector arrows indicating the invisible force in the straight arm are drawn in behind the straight arm. One vector arrow is sticking out in front of the straight arm to represent the entire attacking force. A vector arrow is sticking straight out from the Tan Sau, which is perpendicular to the straight arm attack.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-TanSauStraightArmVectorsOverhead

This picture demonstrates how a Tan Sau stops a straight arm attack according to the science of physics. The vector arrow representing the invisible force of the defending Tan Sau, is coming from the exact opposite direction as the invisible force from the attacking straight arm, so the forces would cancel each other out, which would mean the attack was blocked or stopped.

The demonstration picture used the location of the straight arm before it had actually begun to attack. What happens when the location of the straight arm changes, as the straight arm swings through it’s arc of attack?

The next picture shows the attacking arm partway through it’s arc of movement, with the Wing Chun defender in the same location as in the previous picture.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-AttackArmMovesTanSauDoesnt


Perpendicular vector arrows are shown behind the attacking straight arm, along with a single vector arrow in front of the attacking straight arm, which again represents the cumulative attacking straight arm force.

The Tan Sau vector arrow is not exactly opposite of the straight arm vector arrow. Because the Tan Sau vector arrow is not in the exact opposite direction of the straight arm vector arrow, the Tan Sau would not exactly cancel out the invisible forces in the attacking straight arm.

For the Wing Chun practitioner in the previous picture to block the attacking straight arm with his Tan Sau, the Wing Chun practitioner must realign the Tan Sau so it is exactly opposite from the attacking straight arm force vector.

The body of the Wing Chun practitioner has been moved in the next picture so that the angle of the force vector arrow of the Tan Sau, is directly opposite the force vector arrow of the incoming straight arm attack. The Tan Sau in the next picture would successfully block the incoming straight arm attack.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-AttackArmMovesTanSauMoves

Now that a simplistic explanation for how a Tan Sau counters a straight arm attack has been presented, the weak point of the Wing Chun system mentioned at the beginning of the article can be discussed.

Some people feel that Wing Chun is not a very good fighting system, because Wing Chun practitioners are often defeated by western style fighters.

The reason that Wing Chun practitioners are defeated by western style fighters is not because the Wing Chun system is ineffective. The reason that Wing Chun practitioners are frequently defeated by western fighters, is that western fighters use western boxing techniques that the Wing Chun system was not designed to deal with.

Western boxers use a technique called a roundhouse punch. A roundhouse punch is performed with a curved arm as demonstrated in the next picture.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-RoundHousePunchOverhead


A roundhouse punch follows a curved path to it’s target. According to this author, that means that the invisible forces acting on a roundhouse punch, behave differently than the invisible forces acting on a straight arm attack.

Instead of perpendicular force vectors acting on the roundhouse attack, like the perpendicular force vectors acting on the straight arm attack, according to this author, the force vectors acting on a roundhouse attack are at an angle to the arm, in approximately the direction the fist is pointing, as demonstrated in the next picture.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-RoundHouseVectorsOverhead

The next picture shows the roundhouse attack after it has moved partway through it’s arc of motion.
Knowledge_Of_Science_05-RoundHouseMovedVectors

The angles of the vector arrows have all changed. The movement of the roundhouse punch through it’s arc of motion changes the angle of the fist. Because the invisible forces acting on the fist have changed to a new angle, the force vector arrows need to be changed to the same new angle.

The next picture shows the roundhouse a little further through it’s arc of motion.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-RoundHouseMovedMoreVectors


The angle of the fist has changed again as a result of traveling further along the curved path of the roundhouse attack. The angle of the vector arrows was changed to match the new angle of the fist.

The next picture shows the roundhouse attack at the end of it’s arc of motion.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-RoundHouseFinalPositionVectors

The vector arrows have once again changed angles, so they correctly match the new angle of the invisible forces acting on the fist at it’s new location.

According to this author, the angle of the invisible forces acting on a roundhouse attack, change constantly as the roundhouse attack curves through it’s arc of motion.

The next picture shows the Wing Chun man using a Tan Sau to defend against the roundhouse attack.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-RoundHouseReadyTanSauAngled

The Wing Chun man has positioned his body so that the force vector arrow associated with his Tan Sau, is in the exact opposite direction of the force vector arrow of the incoming roundhouse attack. This Tan Sau would effectively block the roundhouse

attack at that moment in time, because the Tan Sau force vector arrow is exactly opposite the force vector arrow of the incoming roundhouse attack.

The next picture shows the roundhouse attack partway through it’s arc of motion, and the Wing Chun man again defending with a Tan Sau.

Knowledge_Of_Science_05-RoundHouseMovedTanSauAngled


The body of the Wing Chun practitioner has been moved so that the force vector arrow of the Tan Sau, is in the exact opposite direction of the new position of the force vector arrow of the straight arm attack. The Tan Sau would effectively block the roundhouse attack at that moment of time in the picture, because the force vector arrow of the Tan Sau is exactly opposite the force vector arrow of the incoming roundhouse attack.

The examples and explanations of the Tan Sau defending against a roundhouse attack, seem the same as the examples of the Tan Sau defending against the straight arm attack. Whether the attack is a straight arm attack or a roundhouse attack, the Wing
Chun practitioner moves his body until the force vector arrow of his Tan Sau, is in the exact opposite direction of the direction of the force vectot arrow of the incoming straight arm or roundhouse attack.

The example pictures and explanations make it seem like the Wing Chun Tan Sau should effectively block either a straight arm attack or a roundhouse attack.

The real life fighting losses by Wing Chun practitioners to western boxers though, shows that the Wing Chun Tan Sau cannot effectively block the roundhouse punch of western boxers.

Why can’t a Tan Sau effectively block a roundhouse attack? According to the simple theoretical explanation provided in this article, a Tan Sau should be able to block a roundhouse attack as effectively as the Tan Sau blocks a straight arm attack.

The exact answer to why a Tan Sau cannot effectively block a roundhouse attack is complicated, and requires using the science of physics for the complete explanation. The exact answer is not needed in order to understand why the Wing Chun Tan Sau is not effective in blocking a roundhouse attack.

The simple answer to why the Wing Chun Tan Sau cannot effectively defend against a roundhouse attack, is that a roundhouse attack moves faster than a Tan Sau can move.

Because of reasons that can be fully described by the science of physics, a point on the curving path followed by a roundhouse punch, will always change location at a speed much faster, than the point of the force vector at the end of a Tan Sau can change location. It does not matter how good the Wing Chun man is or how well trained the Wing Chun man is. According to the laws of physics, the Wing Chun Tan Sau can never move fast enough to block the faster moving roundhouse attack.

Individuals that know something about Wing Chun or physics might have a problem with this article. This article has left out other explanations for how the Wing Chun Tan Sau is employed and functions.

This article has purposefully discussed the application of the Wing Chun Tan Sau in a simple theoretical way, to help the comprehension of readers with no knowledge of physics or Wing Chun.

This author agrees that there is another explanation for the way that the Wing Chun Tan Sau is used and functions, besides the simplistic explanation provided in this article.

This fifth article in the series titled “Knowledge can be useful to a kung fu man”, has provided more evidence to support the claim of the title of this series.

This fifth article demonstrated how knowledge of science would help a kung fu man understand in a scientific way, why Wing Chun fighters have problems when fighting western style boxers, or any other fighter that uses a curving, roundhouse like attack.

 Posted by at 8:51 pm

Knowledge Of Science Can Be Useful To A Kung Fu Man – Part 04

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Jan 052014
 

This article is part 04 in the series titled “Knowledge Of Science Can Be Useful To A Kung Fu man”.

The first article in this series made the claim that knowledge of science could be useful to a kung fu man. The science of Physics, Engineering, and Trigonometry, were emphasized as areas of study that would provide the most benefit to a kung fu man.

 ———————————————-

A simple definition of each of those areas of science was provided, and the term “kung fu man” was defined as meaning “any person engaged in any kind of hand to hand or weapon combat system”.

The second article in this series talked about “forces”, as they are defined in the science of physics. A force in physics is defined as “anything that can cause a mass to accelerate”. It was also stated that forces are invisible, and because forces are
invisible, they are depicted in the science of physics by an arrow called a vector.

The third article in the series was based on a widely known and discussed kung fu style called Wing Chun. The third video stated that Wing Chun is claimed to be a kung fu style that is based on science, but that those claims are not accepted by everyone.

The third article stated that the Wing Chun system consists of three main forms. The forms in the order they are taught, are the Siu Nim Tau form, the Chum Kiu form, and the Biu Tze form. The Siu Nim Tau form is commonly translated into english as “little idea form”.

The following picture shows a computer model in the Siu Nim Tau stance. The picture shows the front view, a profile view, and an angled side view.

Knowledge_Of_Science_04-WingChunStance3View  

It was noted that when a human body is in the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, triangles are created at various parts of the body as shown in the next picture.

Knowledge_Of_Science_04-WingChunStanceTriangles 

The science of Trigonometry is concerned with the properties and characteristics of triangles. The third article speculated that a person who learned Trigonometry, and applied that knowledge to the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau form, might be able to figure out why the Siu Nim Tau form was designed the way that it was.

This fourth article in the series is going to begin, by addressing a common reaction to the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance.

One of the most frequent comments made about the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance as shown in the example picture, is that it would be useless for fighting. The opinion is that the body looks extremely unstable in that stance, and that a fighter would have trouble moving from that stance.

Because the initial reaction to the Siu Nim Tau stance is that it is unstable and difficult to move from, the conclusion to that initial reaction is that the Wing Chun fighting system must not be any good, and the Siu Nim Tau stance is useless.

The problem with that conclusion, is that it is based on a faulty assumption. That opinion is based on the assumption that the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance as shown in the example picture, is used as a stance to fight from.

According to this author though, that assumption is wrong. According to this author, the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance as shown in the example picture, is not meant to be used as a stance to fight from.

According to this author, one of the purposes of the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance shown in the example picture, is to properly align the body of the practitioner.

There is no way to verify that claim, because the people who created Wing Chun have been dead for hundreds of years. They cannot be asked if alignment of the body was one of the purposes behind the design of the Siu Nim Tau stance. The only way to prove the validity of the author’s claim, is to consider the author’s line of reasoning, and then decide if the conclusions the author has made seem valid.

The discussion will begin, by treating the author’s claim that the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance is designed to properly align the human body, as if it is true.

Why would the proper alignment of the body be so important to the creators of the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, that one of the goals of one of only three forms in the entire Wing Chun system, was the proper alignment of the body?

The answer to that question, is that a human body that is properly aligned, will be highly efficient in transferring the forces defined by the science of physics. A properly aligned human body will be highly efficient in transferring forces both within the body, and in transferring forces from the body to some object outside of the body.

Why would efficiency in transferring forces within the body, or from the body to some object outside of the body, be so important to a fighter that the creators of the Wing Chun system, would design one of only three total forms in their entire fighting system, to work on the proper alignment of the body?

Assume that a human body produces X amount of power. The human being who has produced X amount of power, wants to take that complete X amount of power, and transfer it to their opponents face.

For the purposes of this video, the X amount of power produced by a human body will be treated as if it is a ball that is created in the stomach. If the human body producing X amount of power in the stomach, wants to slap another person in the face with the complete X amount of power, the power must move from their stomach up to their hand with 100% efficiency, as demonstrated in the next picture

 Knowledge_Of_Science_04-ProperlyAlignedMostEfficient

For 100% of the power produced in the stomach to move up to the hand and into the the face of the other person, the body of the person producing the power must be properly aligned.

If a human body is not aligned, then power cannot be transferred within the body with 100% efficiency. Some of the power will be drained away by the misaligned body.

For example. Even though a person with a misaligned body generated 100% of their power in their stomach, and they mentally desire to deliver all 100% of that power to the face of another person with a slap, maybe only 80% of that power will be delivered to the face of the other person. The other 20% of the power was drained away inside of the misaligned, and therefore inefficient body.

Knowledge_Of_Science_04-MisalignedBodyLessEfficient 

Now that one explanation has been provided for why the alignment of the human body would be important enough, that the creators

of the Wing Chun system would design one of only three forms in their entire fighting style, to work on the proper alignment of the body, the next step in the discussion can be taken.

The next logical question to ask would be “What is it about the design of the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, that makes it more useful in properly aligning the human body, than some other kind of stance?”.

One of the things about the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, that makes it more useful in properly aligning the human skeleton than some other kind of stance, is that the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance puts the legs into the shape of triangles.

The proper alignment of a triangle is easy to determine, compared to determining the proper alignment of some other more complex shape. So determining the proper alignment of the legs in a triangle shape, would be easier than determining the proper alignment of the legs in some other shape.

The next picture shows the front view of a skeleton with the legs in the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance. The triangles formed by the upper and lower legs are highlighted in yellow. That picture represents a skeleton with proper alignment.

Knowledge_Of_Science_04-AlignedSkeletonLegTriangles 

A vertical center line separating the skeleton into identical right and left halves is then added to the picture.

Knowledge_Of_Science_04-BodyCenterline 

The triangles on each side of the center line are identical. It was stated above that this skeleton is a properly aligned skeleton, so any human body in the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, in which a line drawn down the center of the body cut each leg triangle into identical right and left leg triangles, would meet the definition of a properly aligned human body.

The next picture shows both knees moved to the left, with the upper and lower leg triangles again highlighted in yellow.

Knowledge_Of_Science_04-MisalignedLegsAndTriangles 

A vertical center line separating the skeleton into identical right and left halves is then added to the picture.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_04-BodyCenterlineMisalignedLegs

It is obvious that the triangles on the right and left sides of the line are not identical. Because the line drawn down the center of the body cuts the leg triangles into different sized right and left leg triangles, this body does not meet the definition of a properly aligned body.

Because misalignment of the legs in the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance is so easy to determine, by a simple visual inspection of the leg triangles, the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance is superior to a normal stance, for determining whether or not a particular human body is in proper alignment.

A Wing Chun student can look at their own legs in the Siu Nim Tau stance, and easily determine by the triangles formed by their legs, whether or not their body is properly aligned. An instructor could look at the triangles formed by the legs of a student in the Siu Nim Tau stance, and easily determine whether or not the student needed to be corrected to properly align their body.

According to this author’s limited knowledge, fighting arts like boxing or Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, because of their lack of form training like the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau form, make no attempt to either guage whether the body of a student is properly aligned, nor do they have specific methods to correct the body of a student that is not properly aligned.

That lack of concern with the alignment of the body in fighting arts like the ones mentioned, imply that a student of those fighting systems could become very skilled in the moves of those fighting systems, but they would still not be a good fighter. Those fighters might only be 80% as good as they could be, because their body is only 80% as aligned as it should be, which means they can only use 80% of their true power.

The use of the triangles formed by the legs of a human body in the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, to help with properly aligning that body by using visual inspection of the leg triangles, is actually a rather unimportant way, in which the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance is more useful in properly aligning the human body than some other stance.

Although what has been said about the usefulness of visual inspection of the leg triangles is valid, this author would probably agree with someone, that wanted to claim that the visual inspection of the leg triangle explanation, is purposeful misdirection to confuse people.

According to this author, there are other much more complicated reasons for why the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, is more beneficial in aligning the human body than some other stance.

Those more complicated reasons are what might be considered “high level kung fu secrets” by some people. Which is why some people might feel, that it was necessary to misdirect outsiders away from these “high level kung fu secrets”, with a valid but relatively unimportant reason, for why the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance is more beneficial in aligning the human body than some other stance.

The main points in this article can be summed up as follows.

This article claimed that the theoretically correct Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, is not a stance that a Wing Chun kung fu man uses to fight from. This article claimed that one of the reasons behind the design and practice of the theoretically correct
Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, is to properly align the human body.

The article stated that the reason that proper alignment of the body was important to the designers of the Wing Chun kung fu system, and to any kung fu man in general, is because the alignment of the body is directly related to the efficiency with which a kung fu man, can deliver the power he generates to his chosen target.

The more aligned the body is, the more efficiently the power a kung fu man generates will be delivered to a target. The less aligned the body is, the less efficiently the power a kung fu man generates will be delivered to a target.

The concepts of power and efficiency are both concepts that are described by the science of Physics. A kung fu man who wanted a more complete understanding of what power is and how it behaves, and what efficiency is and the relationship between power and efficiency, would need to study the science of Physics.

This article also discussed triangles. The triangles formed by the human body in the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance were pointed out, and a way to use those triangles to determine the alignment or misalignment of the human body was discussed.

A kung fu man who was interested in a more complete understanding, of the triangles formed by the legs of the human body in the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, would need to study the science of Trigonometry.

The material presented in this article supports the theme of this entire series of articles. Knowledge of science can be useful to a kung fu man.

 Posted by at 8:25 pm

Knowledge of Science Can Be Useful To A Kung Fu Man – Part 03 – Wing Chun Sil Lum Tau and Triangles

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Jan 042014
 

Knowledge of Science can be useful to a kung fu man. Part 03

The first article in this series, made the claim that knowledge of science could be useful to a kung fu man. The science of Physics, Engineering, and Trigonometry, were emphasized as areas of study that would give the most benefit to a kung fu man. 

A simple definition of each of those areas of science was provided, and the term “kung fu man” was defined as meaning “any person engaged in any kind of hand to hand or weapon combat system”.

This third article in the series is based on the widely known and discussed kung fu style called Wing Chun. Wing Chun is claimed to be a kung fu style that is based on science. Those claims are not accepted by everyone. In fact, there are claims that the Wing Chun kung fu style is not scientific at all, and that Wing Chun is not even an effective fighting style.

This article is going to present evidence, that supports the claim that Wing Chun is a scientifically based hand to hand combat system.

The Wing Chun system consists of three main forms. The forms in the order they are taught, are the Siu Nim Tau, the Chum Kiu, and the Biu Tze forms. The Siu Nim Tau form is commonly translated into english as “little idea form”.

The next picture shows a computer model human body in the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance. The picture shows a front view, a profile view, and as angled side view.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_03-WingChunStance3View

To get into the Siu Nim Tau stance, the body is lowered towards the ground while the knees are simultaneously bent. The entire body leans backwards from the knees. The fists are closed and held up by the chest, and the legs are positioned so that the knees are pulled in towards each other.

Examination of the front view of the Siu Nim Tau stance, reveals that a triangle can be formed by connecting the hips and the knees.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_03-FrontUpperLegTriangle

A upward pointing triangle can be formed by connecting the feet and the knees.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_03-FrontLowerLegTriangle

In the profile view, a triangle can be formed by connecting the feet, the buttocks, and the knees.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_03-ProfileLegTriangle

Another triangle in the profile view can be formed by connecting the shoulder, the elbow, and the hand.

Knowledge_Of_Science_03-ProfileArmTriangle 

In the profile view, the entire body of the Wing Chun practitioner almost looks like it is leaning back on a triangle.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_03-BodyLeansBackOnTriangle

In the rear view, a triangle can be formed by connecting the feet and the groin.

Knowledge_Of_Science_03-RearLegTriangle 

Another triangle in the rear view can be formed by connecting the feet and the top of the head.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_03-RearHeadTriangle

An angled side view of the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance reveals an interesting observation. The next picture shows the downwards pointing triangle on the upper legs, and the upwards pointing triangle on the lower legs, from an angled side view.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_03-FrontLegTrianglesSideView

The triangle formed by the side of the legs in the profile view, is then added to the picture above. Some arrows have been drawn in on the next picture to help see which triangle is connected where.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_03-PyramidTriangleCompareArrows

The following picture shows only the body with the front leg triangles and the side leg triangle.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_03-FrontSideLegTriangles

Can you see what has happened? Combining the triangles at the front of the legs, with the triangle on the side of the legs, produces a pyramid shape. The faces of the pyramid are colored in on the next picture to help with visibility.

Knowledge_Of_Science_03-LegPyramidFrontColored 

The following picture shows the pyramid shape created by the legs from the rear.

 Knowledge_Of_Science_03-LegPyramidRearColored

The previous pictures demonstrated that when a human body assumes the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, triangle shapes are created by many different parts of the body. In addition, a pyramid shape is created by the legs of a human body in the Siu Nim Tau stance.

Could that really be an accident? Could someone just accidentally develop a stance that would create many different triangle shapes all over the body, and a pyramid shape from the legs?

That seems hard to believe.

Or is it more likely that someone had some specific goal in mind, when they developed a stance that creates triangle shapes in many different areas of the body, and a pyramid shape from the legs? If that person had a goal, what would that goal be?

Knowledge of science could provide the answer to that question.

Trigonometry is the modern science of the properties and characteristics of triangles. It seems reasonable to believe that a kung fu man who learned about the science of Trigonometry, then applied the modern science of Trigonometry, to the triangles created by the human body in the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance, might be able to figure out what it was that the original creator of the Siu Nim Tau stance was thinking, when he developed a stance that created triangle shapes in many different parts of the body, and a pyramid shape from the legs.

According to this author, a kung fu man can learn part of the reason, why the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance was designed the way that it was, by learning the modern science of Trigonometry, then applying what they learned from the science of Trigonometry, to the triangles formed by the human body in the Wing Chun Siu Nim Tau stance.

Some of the ways in which knowledge of the science of Trigonometry, could help a kung fu man understand why the Siu Nim Tau was designed the way that it was, will be discussed in future articles

 Posted by at 10:28 am

Knowledge Of Science Can Be Useful To A Kung Fu Man – Part 02

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Jan 042014
 

Knowledge of Science can be useful to a Kung Fu man. Part 02

The first article in this series made the claim that knowledge of science could be useful to a kung fu man. The science of Physics, Engineering, and Trigonometry, were emphasized as areas of study, that would give the most benefit to a kung fu man.

The first article provided some simple definitions of the science of Physics, Engineering, and Trigonometry. The remainder of the first article was devoted to discussion of the word “force” as it is used in Physics. Physics defines a force as “anything that can cause a mass to accelerate”.

The first article stated that one of the characteristics of a force, was that a force could cause a change in pressure in a three dimensional object. A finger pressing into the palm of the hand was presented as an example of a force.

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-FingerPressingIntoHand

The pressure felt by the hand when the finger presses on it, is due to a force exerted by the finger on the hand.

Another characteristic of a force is that they are invisible. In order to work with these invisible forces, there must be some visible way to represent them. Physics uses what is called a “vector” to represent invisible forces. A vector is an arrow with some number indicating the magnitude or size of the force, and some other numbers indicating the direction of the force.

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-2DVector

The subject of this second article on how knowledge of science can be useful to a kung fu man, will begin with the next picture. A vector arrow has been superimposed on the finger, to represent the invisible force being applied by the finger to the hand.

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-PressingFingerVectorArrow

What happens if the hand is moved away from the finger as demonstrated next?

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-WhatIfFingerPressingNothing

The invisible force represented by the vector arrow on the finger, was being applied to the palm of the hand. The application of the invisible force to the palm of the hand, caused the palm of the hand to experience sensations of pressure. To cause sensations of pressure in the palm of the hand, the invisible force would have had to cross over from the finger into the palm.

The next picture shows the finger and the hand separated by some distance. A vector arrow beginning at the tip of the finger and pointing at the palm of the hand has been drawn in the picture.

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-PressingFingerHandSeparated

This picture is demonstrating how the invisible force in the finger, would have to cross over from the finger to the palm of the hand, in order to cause the hand to experience sensations of pressure.

The hand is then removed from the picture. All that remains is the finger and the vector arrow sticking out of the end of the finger.

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-VectorFromFingerTip

Please take a moment to consider this picture. The vector arrow in the picture above, represents an invisible force projecting out from the end of the finger of a living human being. Although the force projecting out from the end of the finger is invisible to the naked eye, according to the science of physics, there is an invisible force projecting out from the tip of the finger.

What would be the implications of the picture above? One implication will be described next.

If an invisible force extends out from the end of the finger of a living human body, why wouldn’t invisible forces project out from all of the other surfaces of a living human body?

According to this author, the entire surface of the human body does project invisible forces outwards. According to this author, the human body constantly generates invisible forces, that are a product of the processes that keep a human body alive. Some of those constantly generated and constantly changing invisible forces, are projected outwards from every surface of the human body.

The next picture shows a human body.

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-HumanBodyFrontView

If there are invisible forces projecting outward from the entire surface of the human body, as claimed by the author of this article, then those invisible forces can be described by the vector arrows used in the science of physics. The next picture shows the human body surrounded by vector arrows, which represent the invisible forces that project outwards from every surface of the body.

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-VectorsOutOfEntireBody

It might be hard to believe that there are invisible forces projecting outwards from a living human body. It is easy to prove this claim to yourself. Take your finger and press any part of your body. Your finger stops doesn’t it? Why?

Most people would say their finger stopped because the skin of their body stopped it. From a scientific point of view though, the skin of the human body, or any other part of the body, can be treated as if it does not exist. From a scientific point of view, your finger stops moving into your body because the invisible force being applied by your finger, has been neutralized by an exactly equal and opposite invisible force from within your body.

The previous example pictures can be used to help visualize this interaction of invisible forces. The next picture shows the human body with vector arrows projecting outwards from every surface of the body, and the finger with a vector arrow projecting out from the tip of the finger.

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-FingerVectorPointBodyVector

The vector arrow projecting out from the finger, is pointing directly at one of the vector arrows projecting out from the human body. If the finger above was being pressed into the body, the finger would stop moving into the body, when the invisible force represented by the small vector arrow leaving the body, is exactly equal but opposite, to the invisible force represented by the large vector arrow leaving the finger.

The picture of the human body surrounded by vector arrows will now be presented again, to help discuss another implication of the fact that, according to the science of physics, invisible forces project out from every surface of the human body

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-VectorsOutOfEntireBody

What happens if the human body is removed from this picture, as demonstrated next?

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-VectorBodyOutline

The vector arrows that remain in the picture, form an outline of the human body that they originated from. According to this author, that picture represents what some people mean when they talk about “human energy”, or “the energy body of a human being”.

Some people claim that an invisible energy field surrounds the human body, and that this invisible energy can interact with the invisible energy of another human body.

The human shaped vector arrow outline, provides a connection between science reality, and the claims of people who say that the human body has energy.

According to the science of physics, there really is an invisible something surrounding the human body, a field of invisible forces that can be completely described by the science of physics, that could be the invisible energy surrounding the human body, that people who believe in human energy, claim is there.

According to the science of physics, the invisible forces that surround a living human body can move from one living human body to another, where they will cause some change in the invisible forces surrounding the other living human body, just like the energy that some people believe that human beings have, is claimed to travel from one living human body to another, and cause some change in the energy of the other human body.

The main points of this second article in the series on how knowledge of science can be useful to a kung fu man, will now be summed up.

The physical human body can be treated as if it does not exist. The entire physical human body can be replaced by a representation of the invisible forces associated with that body.

Some people claim that human beings have energy, or an energy body. These people claim that human energy is invisible, that it can travel across a distance, and that it can cause a change in the energy of another human body.

According to the science of physics, there is a field of invisible forces that constantly project out from every surface of the human body. These invisible forces can travel across a distance, and cause a change in the invisible forces associated with another human body.

It is the position of this author, that the invisible forces associated with a living human body, which can be visually represented by a field of vector arrows defined by the science of physics, is what some people mean when they refer to “human energy”, or “the energy body of a human being”.

This article has provided another example, of how knowledge of science can be useful to a kung fu man. This article has shown how knowledge of science, can help a kung fu man understand what people might mean, when they talk about “human energy” or “the energy body of a human being”.

Knowledge_Of_Science_02-VectorBodyOutline

 

 Posted by at 10:18 am

Knowledge Of Science Can Be Useful To A Kung Fu Man – Part 01

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Jan 042014
 

Knowledge of Science can be useful to a kung fu man. Part 01

The series of articles, will be based on the claim that knowledge of science can be useful to a kung fu man. This introductory article will focus mainly on the definition of various concepts that will be used extensively in the following articles of this series.

( The phrase “kung fu man” used in this series of articles, will refer to a person engaged in the practice of any type of self defense, including both hand to hand and any type of weapon combat. )

Knowledge of the areas of science called physics, engineering, and trigonometry, will benefit a kung fu man the most.

Physics can be defined as “the science of matter and it’s motion”. The science of Physics is useful to a kung fu man, because a human body fits the definition of matter, and kung fu fighting involves the motion of the human body.

Trigonometry involves the study of triangles and their characteristics. The science of Trigonometry is useful to a kung fu man, because the construction of the human body is based on and strongly influenced by triangles.

Engineering can be loosely defined as being involved with designing and constructing things, and with understanding and explaining the design and construction of things. The science of Engineering is useful to a kung fu man, because the human body can be treated as a complex machine, that is designed and constructed in a specific way.

A term that will be used frequently in all of the following articles of this series, is the term “force”. The term “force” is defined scientifically in Physics as anything that can cause a mass to accelerate. What that means in normal language, is that one definition of a “force”, is something that can make an object move.

Forces have various characteristics relevant to this discussion. One of the relevant characteristics of a force that is useful to this discussion, is that a force is invisible. Since a force is invisible, it has to be represented in some way that human beings can use to communicate with each other. Science uses something called a vector to represent a force.

A vector is an arrow that points in whatever direction the force it represents is going. A vector has some numbers associated with it indicating it’s direction, and magnitude. Magnitude means size. Vectors can be used in either two dimensional or three dimensional space.

Here is a picture of a two dimensional vector with a magnitude and direction associated with it.

Knowledge_Of_Science_01-2DVector

Here is a picture of a three dimensional vector. The P is the magnitude number of the vector, and the three numbers in parenthesis are the direction numbers.

Knowledge_Of_Science_01-3DVector

Another characteristic of a “force”, is that it can cause a change in pressure in a three dimensional object. This property can be used to easily demonstrate what a force is.

If you take one of your fingers and press it into the palm of your hand, the palm of your hand will tell you that it is feeling pressure. That feeling of pressure is caused by the “force” being exerted by the finger.

Why was it mentioned earlier that a force is invisible? In order to make a very important point that can be very hard to accept.

According to the scientific view of the world, your finger is not exerting pressure on the palm. Even though your eyes see your finger pressing into your palm, and you feel your finger pressing into your palm, and your palm feels your finger pressing into it, according to scientists, your finger is not pressing on your palm.

According to the way scientists look at the world, only a force is pressing into your palm. Something invisible that is inside of your finger, a force, is pressing into your palm. The implication of that statement is that the finger could be completely removed from the example.

Here is a picture of a finger pressing into a palm.

Knowledge_Of_Science_01-FingerPressingIntoPalm

Science says the finger is not really pressing into the palm, so the finger is removed in this picture.

Knowledge_Of_Science_01-IndexFingerRemoved

According to science, an invisible physical force coming out of the hand is traveling through the finger to the palm. Science uses vectors to represent invisible forces, so a vector needs to be added to the picture to indicate the effect that the one hand is having on the palm of the other hand.

Knowledge_Of_Science_01-FingerVectorUnlabeled

This picture has a vector arrow coming out of the hand and pointing at the palm. The vector arrow points in the direction of the force. The arbitrary made up numbers associated with the vector in the next picture, would be the direction and magnitude of the vector, which is representing the force exerted by the finger on the palm of the hand.

Knowledge_Of_Science_01-FingerVectorLabeled

Why is this complicated sounding discussion of a force useful to a kung fu man? The reason should be obvious.

If the finger pressing into the palm can be described by the science of physics as the application of an invisible force by the finger to the palm, then the science of physics could describe a fist hitting a face as an application of an invisible force exerted by the fist on the face.

The next picture shows one man slapping the face of another man.

Knowledge_Of_Science_01-RightHandSlapsFace

According to science though, the hand is only delivering a force to the face. It is not the hand hitting the face. The next picture shows the arm removed and a vector with some arbitrary numbers assigned to it, to represent the force delivered by the slapping hand.

Knowledge_Of_Science_01-FaceSlapVectorLabeled

According to the way that scientists view the world, the hands and feet of a kung fu man do not hit and hurt their opponent. According to the way scientists view the world, the hand and the foot only deliver a force to the opponent, and it is the force that does the actual damage.

The hand and foot can be visualized as a car or a bus that drives the invisible force over to the target, drops the invisible force off at it’s destination, then drives away. It is the invisible force only that then causes whatever changes occur in the body of the opponent.

Now that this article has presented some of the necessary foundation for the discussion with a few simple definitions and explanations, examples of how science can be useful to a kung fu man in a more practical way, as opposed to a theoretical way, can be presented in the remaining articles of this series.

 Posted by at 10:08 am